Cyberbullying and digital safety

Cyberbullying is any bullying behaviour by electronic means. It typically includes intentionally causing someone or a group of people harm by sharing/posting unkind or offensive comments, sharing private information to shame or ridicule, impersonating others and promoting rumours or fake news about others. 

For younger people the perpetrators are usually people that they know (e.g. from school or the community) and quite often it is a continuation of bullying behaviour that is happening during the school day. 

If you are experiencing or have experienced cyberbullying or trolling it's important to remember....

  • you are not alone. This has happened to most of us at one time or another. 
  • every platform will have an option to report or flag offensive content. You may also be able to unfriend or follow, mute or block the perpetrator.  
  • it can be helpful to take some time out. You may feel like compulsively checking any updates or notifications but this will make you feel worse.  Don't feed the troll. Stop responding and it's likely they will lose interest.
  • it's usually best not to respond.  Again, trolls love a good feed so give them nothing.
  • instead, reach out to a friend or family member for support and validation. Remember you are loved. 
  • if you have  messed up in some way and hurt someone else, say sorry. Delete any unkind posts, make amends and remember to take a deep breath before posting!

If your child is experiencing cyberbullying or other online harms it is important they do not engage in conversation with the perpetrator.  Instead, seek help. 

Collecting and saving evidence

It's important to be able to share evidence of what has happened. Although it will be tempting for your child to delete distressing messages, without proof, schools, service providers or the police are limited as to how they can respond.

Text and email

Make sure all text messages and emails are saved, and where possible, back these up elsewhere.

Online abuse

Most social media platforms have options for reporting abuse. You may want to screenshot and save images in case content is deleted before you can raise you concerns (e.g. with the school or the police). 

Telephone calls

If your child is receiving nuisance telephone calls, document the date, time, duration and what has been said.  Try to establish if there are any identifiable features such as voice description or background noise.

Who should cyberbullying and other online harms be reported to?

It's important that you talk to your child about next steps. Your goal is for the bullying behaviour to stop and for your child to be able to enjoy life again. 

These are your options for reporting content:

Reporting to platforms

Most social media platforms have options for reporting harmful content. If you are struggling to see how to report content or have reported content and are not happy with the action taken, then you can visit Report Harmful Content for more support. You may also have other options through the platform such as muting or hiding content, or blocking the perpetrator. 

Reporting to the school

The school has a responsibility to protect students from bullying, even if it happens offsite, online or over the phone. Follow our guidelines on reporting to the school, and be sure to take evidence of cyberbullying with you. 

Reporting to the police

Cyberbullying is not a specific criminal offence in the UK. However, incidents which are considered as harassment, threats or menacing communication may be an offence. 

For more information about whether the police can help, contact your local station.

Reporting sexual abuse or grooming

If you have concerns about inappropriate communications that your child has received you should report this on the Child Exploitation & Online Protection Centre website.


If you would benefit from talking the situation through with someone, please contact our Parent Advice Line 


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